Cats or Domestic Cats have specific characteristics that make them Cats. Learn about these cats, domestic cats, and house cats’ history revealed and what makes them unique. They are the second most favored pets after dogs. They can be interbred and have to be registered as pedigree pets. Human beings value cats very much for their superior companionship and capabilities to hunt rodents. Cats, also referred to as Felis catus, house cats, and domestic cats, are small, cute carnivorous mammals. Domestic cats differ from Feral & stray cats, For cat lovers worldwide, who wish to know more about these adorable pets, below is cats’ physiology. To start with, studies reveal that around 69 billion cats are present in U.S. homes.

Researchers suggest that the association of cats with human dates back some 9500 years ago. They believed that ancient Egyptians were first to domesticate cats, as they considered cats as religious animals. However, a recent study shows that people on other continents also domesticated cats around the same time.

Cats are expert predators and can hunt more than 1000 types of species. However, cats are easily teachable to obey commands. Some cats learn without training, such as they can bolt the lock and work on simple mechanisms.

Their vocalizations vary, and they use different body languages to communicate. The common vocalizations include meowing, hissing, grunting, and growling. Continue below for cats, domestic cats, and house cats’ history revealed

Size And Skeleton Of Cats:

An adult domestic cat weighs about 4.5 -6.8 kilograms. Female feline weighs anywhere between 6 – 10 pounds, about 2.7 – 4.8 kilograms. The cat’s height is about 8 to 10 inches, which means they are around 20-25 centimeters in height.

The cat’s length from its nose tip to the tail base averages between 18- 20 inches (46-51 centimeters) long. The size of the cats also depends on their skeleton size. The skeleton of the cat is very prominent. Their spines (backbone) have more bones because it supports the tail.

Their vertebral columns are not as rigid as in human beings. However, they are extremely flexible. This peculiar feature of flexibility helps them to bend their backs, twist, and twirl their bodies so that they can squeeze through minimum gaps.

Secondly, a cat does not possess a collarbone (Clavicle). If it had a collarbone, it might not have been able to slip away through the narrow spaces. The skeleton of the cat is symmetrical and starts from the head region to the entire body. The general structure of the cat’s skeleton includes three subunits.

The first skeletal subunit includes the appendicular skeleton, which contains bones of forelimbs and hind limbs. The second subunit includes the axial skeleton, which contains the cranium, ribs, spine, and sternum. The third skeletal subunit is the visceral skeleton, which constitutes parts of other bodily organs such as ossicles (middle ear) and paws.

Functions Of Cat’s Skeleton:

Cat’s skeleton mainly carries out four functions. First, it supports and shields the body. Secondly, the bones work as levers to execute the muscular action. The skeleton also functions as the storehouse for phosphorous, calcium, and other vital elements.

Lastly, cat’s skeleton also serves as storage space for RBC (red blood cell), WBC (white blood cells) and fats.

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